arrival of white settlersin the 19th century initiated
a conflict between two totally dissimilar cultures. The
Native Americans were "hunter-gatherers" with a viewof
the land, the flora, and the fauna that could not have
been more different from the views of the newcomers from
the east. The Indians had no pratice of individual ownership
of land or resources.Technologically advanced whites
prevailed over a Native population decimated by disease.
continued through the late 1870s, sometimes between Indians
and military forces and sometimes between Indians ans
armed settlers. These latter conflicts often brought
worst in the pariticipants on both sides. There are many
stories of belligerent whites who massacred or lynched
Indians and many stories of renegade Indians doingthe
same to the white setters. The most notorious of the
marauders was Paulina, chief of a band of Paiute Indians.
He was a skillful adversary, and his activies covered
a large territory. Bancroft's pages are full of Indian
in central and eastern Oregon during the years 1866-68,
and scores of miners, trappers, and settlers were extreminated.
It is generally believed that Paulina was to large extent
responsible, though of course we have only the settlers'
sid eof the story. In the summer of 1867, Pulina raided
several ranches in the John Day country. He was pursued
by J.N. Clark, Howard Maupin, and William Ragan and was
shot down while eating roasted ox. Bancroft says that
Clark killed him, and Dorsey Griffin, who was raised
County, has investigated and strongly supports this view,
but in central Oregon it is generally believed that Maupin
fired the shot . For additional information, see Maupin.
Col. William Thompson of Alturas, California, published
a book entitled Reminiscences of a Pioneer. He gives
a graphic description of the activities of Paulina and
the generally accepted belief that Maupin killed him
in Paulina Basin. Paulina Basin is near the juction of
Creek and Little Trout Creek north of Ashwood in the
northeastern part of Jefferson County.
was the opinion of the late Lewis A. McArthur that more
than enough geographic features in Oregon were named for
this Snake Indian. We have the town of Paulina, Paulina
Mountians, Paulina Peak, Paulina Marsh, Paulina Creek,
Paulina Prairie, and Paulina Lake. The Southern Pacific
Company also had Paunina station in the early days of the
Cascade Line. There may be honest differences of opinion
about naming these features for th Oregon chief but, practically,
confusion is the sure result of such a process, especially
when the various features are not in the same locality
but yet are not widely separated. For an account of Paulina
and his activities, see Bancroft's History of Oregon, V.
2, pp. 504 et seq. The name is spelled in a variety of
ways, but Paulina is generally accepted. Paulina post office
was established on May 23, 1882, on Beaver Creek in the
eastern part of Crook County. John F. Bowen was the first